|Inflammation plays a significant role in acute and chronic diseases including rheumatoid arthritis (RA), inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), psoriasis, diabetes, heart disease, and multiple sclerosis.
SetPoint co-founder Kevin Tracey and his colleagues discovered and characterized the Inflammatory Reflex, which is a neurophysiological mechanism that regulates the body's immune system. The Inflammatory Reflex senses infection, tissue injury and inflammation and relays this information to the central nervous system, which then reflexively increases neural signaling peripherally through the vagus nerve and splenic nerve that extensively innervate the spleen and other visceral organs. The signal is transmitted to a novel population of T cells in the spleen, which in turn direct effector cells including monocytes and macrophages to reduce their production of the mediators that initiate and perpetuate inflammation.
Dr. Tracey published his findings in Nature in May 2000. Since then, the Inflammatory Reflex has been characterized by his group and others in more than 100 peer-reviewed papers in leading scientific journals, exploring the potential of activating the Inflammatory Reflex to alleviate inflammation. Dr. Tracey co-founded SetPoint Medical with Dr. Shaw Warren to leverage these discoveries in developing new therapies to treat chronic inflammatory diseases.